What Is Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS)
PBIS is a systematic approach to creating and sustaining positive and effective teaching and learning environments for everyone. In every PBIS school, staff teach, model, and acknowledge positive behavior expectations. The behavior expectations are taught to students throughout the year in different areas of the school. Students who have difficulty learning behavior expectations are provided additional instruction in small groups or on an individual basis.
Parents play a key role in supporting PBIS by positively acknowledging their students for following the school-wide behavior expectations.
The PBIS Triangle is a graphic representation that outlines three levels of supports and interventions that all schools need to address for meeting the social/emotional needs of all students.
Primary/Universal Supports: This level of the triangle represents the school-wide strategies, supports, and structures designed to prevent problem behavior and meet the needs of all students.
Universal (Tier 1) Supports have seven major components in common:
Secondary/Targeted Support (Tier 2) is designed to provide targeted interventions to support students who are not responding to Universal Prevention efforts. Interventions within Secondary Prevention are more intensive and focused on a smaller number of students who are at risk for engaging in problem behavior and/or need a little more support. Secondary Prevention practices involve small groups of students or simple individualized intervention strategies.
Secondary Prevention strategies include:
Individualized/Intensive Supports (Tier 3), the top of the PBIS triangle, represents the supports and strategies necessary to both prevent and respond to the needs of the students with the most significant behavioral challenges. For these students, a highly individualized approach; which includes school, family, and interagency support may be necessary.
Tertiary Supports include: